By Rom Harré (auth.)
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Additional resources for An Introduction to the Logic of the Sciences
In giving a hyperbolic explanation we stop the explicit process of giving an explanation half-way; leaving the inference to what must be understood until after the explanation has been given. In giving a hyperbolic explanation we are laying down the direction in which we must look to find the cause, leaving the actual selection among the antecedent happenings to be understood. The asymmetry exists because we cannot say what is the relevant particular until the generalization has been stated, or is understood.
Description and Explanation 27 lila. General Explanation in Detail. Here we make explicit all that is implicit in Ia and Ila by stating both the appropriate generalizations and the class of causal antecedents to a certain kind ofhappening. General explanations can be used to explain not only classes of happenings but what I shall call for want of a better expression generalized types, things of a certain sort. However, when we ask for explanations ofkinds of things there are two ways in which we can understand 'explanation'.
These methods of ordering descriptive statements depend upon the characteristics of the things and events described and 32 The Logic of the Sciences relatively little on the characteristics of the language used to describe them. Descriptive statements can be shown to be logically connected, that is to form the premises and conclusions of arguments, only when there exists a generalization to justify their inference one from another. Any generalization that will allow us to infer new information is one that is based upon some experience of the ordering of events and the coexistence of properties.
An Introduction to the Logic of the Sciences by Rom Harré (auth.)