By Graeme Hirst (auth.)
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Extra info for Anaphora in Natural Language Understanding: A Survey
Ill)Jones was murdered. 2. 3. 14 An a w k w a r d m i s c e l l a n y ANAPHORA 23 W h y is i t c a l l e d a g u n n y s a c k ? 42 ( 2 - 9 3 ) N a d i a : Is i_t p r o n o u n c e d " t o r n - A Y - t o " o r " t o m - A H - t o " ? R o s s : Is WHAT p r o n o u n c e d " t o m - A Y - t o " o r " ' t o m - A H - t o " ? 43 O n e c o u l d d i s m i s s ( 2 - 9 2 ) a s a n i l l i t e r a c y - i t is u n a c c e p t a b l e in my idiolect b u t ( 2 - 9 3 ) is q u i t e a c c e p t a b l e .
P a r t i a l a n a p h o r s a r e r e s o l v e d by s e a r c h i n g t h r o u g h a n t e c e d e n t n o u n p h r a s e s f o r o n e w i t h a p a r a l l e l s y n t a c t i c a n d s e m a n t i c s t r u c t u r e . In (3-12), f o r e x a m p l e , t h e a n t e c e d e n t NP is found, a n d f o r o x y g e n s u b s t i t u t e d f o r f o r hydrogen. 1), b u t it w o r k s on t h e s y n t a c t i c a n d s e m a n t i c l e v e l r a t h e r t h a n a t t h e m o r e s u p e r f i c i a l l e v e l of l e x i e a l m a t c h i n g w i t h a l i t t l e a d d e d s y n t a x .
Rather, they a s s u m e that, other things being equal, the set of possible referents is exactly the set of NPs (or whatever), from the whole of the preceding text, in strict order of recency. Their resolution m e t h o d s tend to work at the sentence level, and m a y bring to bear world knowledge and low-level linguistic knowledge. Antecedents not explicit in the text are not handled. This characterization is of course a generalization; not all approaches classified as traditional fit this description in every detail.
Anaphora in Natural Language Understanding: A Survey by Graeme Hirst (auth.)