By Norbert Hornstein

ISBN-10: 0262581299

ISBN-13: 9780262581295

ISBN-10: 0585367299

ISBN-13: 9780585367293

How do people collect, at a really early age and from fragmentary and haphazard info, the complicated styles in their local language? this is often the logical challenge of language acquisition, and it's the query that directs the hunt for an innate common grammar. As Time is going by means of extends the hunt through featuring a thought of natural-language stressful that would be aware of the matter of language acquisition.The basically written dialogue proceeds step by step from uncomplicated observations and rules to far-reaching conclusions concerning complicated facts rigorously chosen and persuasively offered. all through, Hornstein makes a speciality of the logical challenge of language acquisition, highlighting the significance of explanatory adequacy and the position of syntactic representations in selecting problematic homes of semantic interpretation.Norbert Hornstein, Professor of Linguistics at the college of Maryland, is the writer of good judgment as Grammar: An method of which means in normal Languages.

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Additional resources for As Time Goes By: Tense and Universal Grammar

Example text

They lacked a temporal interpretation because the tense + adverb combinations violated the CDTS. I would like to account for the nontemporal modal interpretations of many of these sentences by extending tenses to modals. My claim is that modals also have Reichenbachian tense structures which constrain their interaction with other tensed constructions and limit the range of their acceptable adverbial modifiers. With this in mind, consider the sentences in (72). (72) a. That will be Max at the door now b.

There are rather specific tense-concord restrictions that obtain between the tense of the matrix clause and the tense of the modifying clause. These restrictions can be largely accounted for structurally in terms of the CDTS and the rule that combines these clauses into complex tense structures. I will also consider how these structures are temporally interpreted. More specifically, I will ask how the various E points are temporally located relative to one another and how the whole complex tense structure is interpreted in relation to the utterance time.

E_S,Ri RTC —x–> S< x R2,E S_R2,E (25b) violates the CDTS by associating R2 with S in DTS. In (25a), we do not have a similar problem. R2, though moved, is not associated with any novel point in the DTS. When the RTC can apply and obey the CDTS, we obtain acceptable complex sentences with both the present and the present perfect. Not all of the sentences in (26) have temporal interpretations. (26) a. John is moving his arms as he is skating b. John is singing while he beats a drum c . John is leaving when Harry arrives d.

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As Time Goes By: Tense and Universal Grammar by Norbert Hornstein

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